This volume examines mechanisms for regional pacification and conflict resolution in Europe and the Middle East. Scholars in international relations have noted in the past that while much effort has been in discovering the causes of war, little research has been devoted so far to uncovering the conditions for peace, and the factors that contribute to stabilizing the state of peace. In this book, the authors attempt to assess the factors that contribute to regional (rather than state-to-state) pacification. As part of the recent resurgence of scholarly interest in regions and regionalism , several studies have been devoted to the subject of regional peace and peacemaking but almost no study to date has made a systematic comparison of two regions that are particularly prominent and important for the subject of regional pacification: Europe and the Middle East. These two regions occupy opposite poles on the war-to-peace continuum. Europe is the paradigmatic 20th-century case of successful peacemaking that has exceeded all initial expectations. In about half a century (since 1945) E urope has gone from being the world's most dangerous war zone to a zone of peace - with a level of peace that has not been equaled before or since. The European zone of peace has expanded since t h e end o f the Cold Wa r to include Eastern Europe, and it continues to f lourish despite the recent economic crisis. In contrast, the Middle East re m a i ns enmired in conflicts -both domestic and regional. The decades-long Arab-Israeli (and particularly Palestinian-Israeli) conflict remains one of the world's most intractable, and stubbornly resists all attempts at resolution. In addition, there is also a variety of other conflicts in the region, both inter-state are domestic in origin, that are unrelated to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict -- as was seen, for example, in the recent (and still unfolding) events of the "Arab Spring". This work evaluates the research on regional pacification, the incentives that motivate states in establishing peaceful relations, and most importantly, how regions become peaceful, by identifying the causal mechanisms between various war outcomes and the prospects for establishing regional peace. It discusses the conditions under which various types of "peace" might emerge on a regional level - warm peace, cold peace, etc, and the factors most likely to determine the outcome. This work will be of much interest to students of regional security, peacemaking, conflict mangement, Middle East politics, European security and IR in general.
Few titles could be timelier than the second edition of Crisis Management in the Food and Drinks Industry - A Practical Approach. The world is worrying about a human pandemic arising from the avian flu epidemic that is spreading from the Far East, the implications of which could be as great for the food industry as were the outbreaks of foot and mouth disease and BSE.
This practical and greatly expanded edition by media and public relations veteran Colin Doeg focuses on the communications aspects of dealing with a crisis. It is global in its coverage of the subject, reviewing practices and requirements in countries ranging from the USA and the UK to Australia and New Zealand.
Doeg offers advice ranging from preparing for the unthinkable to the dramatic expansion of the Internet, avoiding being caught off-guard by a situation, the ramifications of product tampering and managing an actual crisis.
Advice is also offered on dealing with extremist organizations and terrorist threats as well as bioterrorism - "a clear and present danger" - and a number of problems facing the food industry, including the practice of selling meat unfit for human consumption and the threat posed by the increasing toxicity of fish due to the rising pollution of the world's oceans.
In a special late chapter - written only three months before publication - the author looks ahead to events which he believes will shape the world of crisis management in the future, including the empowering influence of the Internet during the 2004 Asian Tsunami, the discovery of the illegal dye Sudan 1 (Red) in millions of food products and the fears of a pandemic arising from the spreading outbreak of avian flu.
Examples of typical documents like a crisis plan for a business, a crisis checklist, a press release announcing a product recall, an announcement to employees and a checklist for anyone dealing with a threatening phone call are provided. Also included is a list of sources of information and assistance in the event of a product crisis.
Crisis Management in the Food and Drinks Industry is the only title dealing specifically with this crucial subject in relation to the food industry. As such, it is relevant not only to those in the food industry, but also to marketing and senior management in general in the fields of agriculture, public health and law enforcement.
Written by a physicist with extensive experience as a quant on Wall Street, this book treats a wide variety of topics. Presenting the theory and practice of quantitative finance and risk, it delves into the "how to" and "what it's like" aspects not covered in textbooks or research papers. A "Technical Index" indicates the mathematical level for each chapter.This second edition includes some new, expanded, and wide-ranging considerations for risk management: climate change and its long-term systemic financial risk; markets in crisis - new crisis prediction technique and the Reggeon field theory; new "Smart Monte Carlo" and American Monte Carlo; trend risk - time scales and risk, the Macro-Micro model, and singular spectrum analysis; credit risk: counterparty risk, wrong way risk, issuer risk, and regulations; stressed correlations - new "nearest neighbor" techniques; and psychology and option models.Solid risk management topics from the first edition and valid today are included: standard/advanced theory and practice in fixed income, equities, and FX; quantitative finance and risk management - traditional/exotic derivatives, fat tails, stressed VAR, model risk, numerical techniques, deals/portfolios, systems, data, economic capital, and function toolkit; risk lab - the nuts and bolts of risk management from the desk to the enterprise; case studies of deals; Feynman path integrals, Green functions, and options; and "Life as a Quant" - communication issues, sociology, stories, and advice.
This thought-provoking book addresses challenging questions raised in light of the aftermath of the global financial crisis that saw an accelerated rise in the economic growth of China and other emerging market economies, while the US, Japan and Europe have laboured under the great recession. The authors examine global post-crisis reordering in a long-run context, identify five fundamental flaws in global bank business models and document the explosion of gross capital flows. They tackle difficult-to-answer lines of enquiry such as: can zero interest rates and quantitative easing lift the advanced world back to growth, or will they be dragged down by the overhang of debt? Might costs on savers, retirees and distortions to the pattern of global financing render zero rates counter-productive? What issues face the BRICs? Could 'China as number one' see the renminbi soon challenge the dollar and the euro as a major international currency? Providing a detailed analysis of the post-crisis world and the issues posed by the rise of China and emerging market economies relative to developed countries, this book will prove a stimulating account for academics, students and researchers in the fields of economics, money, finance and banking, and world trade. Bank and market economists as well as policymakers based in central banks, governments and think-tanks will also find this book to be an invaluable reference tool.
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